A tooth extraction is another term for having a tooth removed. Your dentist may feel an extraction is necessary if repairing a damaged tooth is not practical, and if a tooth is malpositioned, infected with advanced periodontal disease or is nonfunctional.
Using a local anesthetic, your dentist will numb the area around the selected tooth to avoid pain and lessen the discomfort. After extracting the tooth a small amount of bleeding is normal. In the next 24 hours it is advised not to drink from a straw and only rinse gently so not to disturb the clot. You can brush and floss all the other teeth except for near the extracted tooth socket. If you do experience any pain after the extraction apply a cold cloth or an ice bag on the gums near the socket.