An “extraction” is the process of having a tooth removed. Your dentist may feel an extraction is necessary if repairing a damaged tooth just isn’t practical. The tooth may be malpositioned, infected with advanced periodontal disease, or essentially has become nonfunctional.
The dentist will numb the area around the infected tooth with a local anesthetic to avoid pain and discomfort. It’s normal to have a small amount of bleeding during and after the extraction. For the 24 hours after your extraction you should drink from a straw and rinse gently so as not to disturb the clot. You can brush and floss all the other teeth except for near the extracted tooth socket. If you do experience any pain after the extraction apply a cold cloth or an ice bag on the gums near the socket.